Many catastrophic accidents result in serious brain injuries. Brain injuries can range from a mild concussion to a serious hemorrhage or hematoma. In many cases, after a serious accident, a victim will suffer several brain injuries simultaneously, all with differing degrees of severity. Any trauma to the head can result in a brain injury including car accidents, slip and fall accidents, assaults, sports injuries, boating accidents, motorcycle accidents, or even the explosions of defective products. Learn the basics of brain injuries following an accident to help you understand your legal rights.
Symptoms of Brain Injuries
Serious cases of brain injuries following an accident are typically referred to as Traumatic Brain Injury or “TBI”. Depending on the nature and severity of the accident, a victim may suffer from a headache, confusion, concentration issues, disorientation, loss of memory, dizziness, drowsiness, depression, anxiety, nausea or vomiting, visual disturbances, sleep changes, or emotional and behavioral changes including anger or irritability.
Brain Injury Diagnosis
Immediately following any kind of an accident, a victim should always seek immediate medical attention. The Glasgow Coma Scale is typically used by medical professionals to determine how severe the brain injury is using a diagnostic scale to measure how difficult it is for a victim to speak, move, or open their eyes. Additional diagnostic testing may be necessary and could include a CT or MRI scan.
In more severe cases, a physician may order intracranial pressure monitoring (ICP) for a patient that exhibits certain symptoms of swelling in the brain. It is always critical for a victim of an accident to seek medication attention, as some forms of brain injury are not always considered serious initially after trauma due to adrenaline or emotional overwhelm. Visiting a doctor to obtain an official medical diagnosis can help ensure that proper medical protocols are taken for the victim’s health.
Unfortunately, brain injuries are oftentimes serious and can cause a victim to develop seizures, infections, severe migraines or headaches, vertigo, blood vessel damage, or hydrocephalus, which is the buildup of fluid in the brain. Other complications of brain injuries can include comas, minimal consciousness, or even brain death. You should always be treated as soon as possible following an accident to receive immediate medical attention.
Treatments and Prognosis
In many mild cases, all that is needed is time to heal minor brain injuries. However, this will also require that a victim take time off work leading to lost wages. When victims suffer more serious brain injuries, they may need to remain in a hospital under strict monitoring protocol to ensure that any swelling in the brain is immediately treated. In some cases, surgery is required, or a victim will need a feeding tube or ventilator. Unfortunately, in some serious cases, a patient will due to due a brain injury. If your loved one died due to a brain injury, you may have the right to seek compensation on their behalf.
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